Archives - Pediatric ENT

  • Laryngomalacia - clinical features, surgical and medical management

    Laryngomalacia also called as "discoordinate pharyngo-laryngomalacia" is the most common congenital lesion of larynx (60-70%) and is the most common cause of congenital stridor in neonates and infants.
    The condition is characterized by partial or...

  • A 3-year-old boy presents with a midline anterior neck mass, just below the hyoid bone that moves with deglutition and tongue protrusion. 

    Question: What is the most probable clinical diagnosis?

    Thyroglossal duct cyst
    Branchial cyst
    Enlarged jugulodigastric lymphnodes
    Plunging ranula
  • Thyroglossal cyst - Pathogenesis, Clinical features and Treatment options

    Thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC) is a frequent congenital midline anomaly of the neck which usually manifests during the first decade of life. TDC is an epithelial lined tract that connects the tongue to the thyroid gland.

  • CLiKX - A novel device for treatment of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children

    Otitis Media with Effusion (OME), also known as Glue ear, Secretory Otitis Media or Serous Otitis Media is a clinical condition characterised by collection of non-infected fluid in the middle ear space as a result of a cold, sore throat or upper...

  • Adenotonsillectomy lowers high blood pressure in children with OSA

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a spectrum of disorders ranging from simple snoring to complete obstruction of upper airways during sleep, which affects both children and adults.
    The most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in children is...

  • Clinical practice guidelines for tonsillectomy

    Tonsillectomy is the second most commonly performed surgery in United States with more than 5,30,000 procedures performed on children younger than 15 years each year.
    Although tonsillectomy is a routine procedure performed by general and...

  • Staging systems for Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma

    Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is an uncommon, slow growing, benign but locally invasive vascular tumor arising from tissues in the sphenopalatine foramen inside nasal cavity. JNAs are also reported to arise from posterior aspect of...

  • Ranula - Clinical presentation, diagnosis and management

    Ranula is an uncommon clinical condition characterised by a translucent, blue cystic swelling in the floor of the mouth, arising due to accumulation of extravasated mucus from the sublingual salivary glands.
    The term ranula arised from...

  • Microtia kids get new ears from lab with their own cells and 3D printing

    Microtia is a congenital external ear deformity characterized by hypoplasia (incomplete development) of pinna, ranging from measurably small external ear with minimal structural abnormality, to ear with major structural alteration or to total...

  • Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

    Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VI) is the inability to temporarily close the connection between nasopharynx and oropharynx, due to an anatomical dysfunction in soft palate (velum), lateral pharyngeal wall or posterior pharyngeal wall. This can be due...