Articles archives - Pediatric ENT

  • Laryngomalacia - clinical features, surgical and medical management

    Laryngomalacia also called as "discoordinate pharyngo-laryngomalacia" is the most common congenital lesion of larynx (60-70%) and is the most common cause of congenital stridor in neonates and infants.
    The condition is characterized by partial or...

  • Thyroglossal cyst - Pathogenesis, Clinical features and Treatment options

    Thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC) is a frequent congenital midline anomaly of the neck which usually manifests during the first decade of life. TDC is an epithelial lined tract that connects the tongue to the thyroid gland.

  • Clinical practice guidelines for tonsillectomy

    Tonsillectomy is the second most commonly performed surgery in United States with more than 5,30,000 procedures performed on children younger than 15 years each year.
    Although tonsillectomy is a routine procedure performed by general and...

  • Staging systems for Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma

    Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is an uncommon, slow growing, benign but locally invasive vascular tumor arising from tissues in the sphenopalatine foramen inside nasal cavity. JNAs are also reported to arise from posterior aspect of...

  • Ranula - Clinical presentation, diagnosis and management

    Ranula is an uncommon clinical condition characterised by a translucent, blue cystic swelling in the floor of the mouth, arising due to accumulation of extravasated mucus from the sublingual salivary glands.
    The term ranula arised from...

  • Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

    Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VI) is the inability to temporarily close the connection between nasopharynx and oropharynx, due to an anatomical dysfunction in soft palate (velum), lateral pharyngeal wall or posterior pharyngeal wall. This can be due...

  • Diphtheria

    Diphtheria is a life threatening acute bacterial infectious condition caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The usual site of infection is the tonsils and oropharynx, but the disease can occur in nasal cavities, larynx or the skin...