Journal reviews

Radiotherapy is better than TORS for Oropharyngeal Cancers – ORATOR Says

The mainstay of treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is chemoradiotherapy. The separation of oropharyngeal cancers into Human papillomavirus (HPV) positive and negative based on the etiology has shown that HPV positive cancers have a better prognosis and survival compared to HPV negative cancers. These young age HPV positive patients with prolonged survival are more

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Head and Neck Cancers

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT); also called Induction chemotherapy is a treatment option in cancer therapy, in which chemotherapy is given prior to the definitive treatment like surgery or radiotherapy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in cancer treatment can reduce the tumor volume, improve organ function prior to definitive treatment, permits more effective and less toxic local therapy. Giving NACT

Cell phone radiofrequency could enhance head and neck cancers – New study says

Developments in wireless communication technology over the last twenty years resulted in the increasingly widespread use of mobile phones and wireless systems for communication purposes. This has led to concerns regarding potential adverse health effects, particularly of the central nervous system, of which the brain is the part most exposed to the radiofrequency electromagnetic fields

Role of Balloon dilatation in chronic rhinosinusitis – Clinical consensus statement 2018

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a clinical condition characterized by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses that typically lasts beyond twelve weeks. It is caused by infections, allergies, and the presence of sinus polyps or a deviated septum. Signs and symptoms include headache, nasal discharge, swelling in the face, dizziness, and breathing difficulties. The condition is so

Adenotonsillectomy lowers high blood pressure in children with OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a spectrum of disorders ranging from simple snoring to complete obstruction of upper airways during sleep, which affects both children and adults. The most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in children is chronic adenotonsillar hypertrophy, and so adenotonsillectomy is considered as the first-line treatment for OSA in children.

Microtia kids get new 3D-printed ears from lab with their own cells

Microtia is a congenital external ear deformity characterized by hypoplasia (incomplete development) of the pinna, ranging from the measurably small external ear with a minimal structural abnormality, to ear with major structural alteration or to a total absence of ear (anotia). The reported prevalence varies from 0.83 to 17.4 per 10,000 births worldwide. Higher prevalence

Adenotonsillectomy can improve bedwetting in children with obstructive sleep apnea

Bladder control in children usually occurs by the age of 5 years. Nocturnal enuresis (NE) or bedwetting, is the involuntary urination during sleep, in absence of physical disease in a child older than 5 years. Nocturnal enuresis affects children of all racial groups. The estimated prevalence rate is 8% to 20% for 5-year-old children and 1.5% to 10%

Thyroidectomy is better than radioactive iodine therapy in preventing complications of hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a clinical condition where the thyroid gland is overactive and produces excess thyroid hormone. The most common causes of hyperthyroidism are Graves’ disease (autoimmune process), toxic nodular goiter and toxic adenoma. Hyperthyroidism affects approximately 2% of women and 0.2% of men with an estimated annual lifetime risk of 2-5%. The reported incidence of hyperthyroidism