Journal reviews

Connection between Hearing loss and Dementia / Alzheimer’s disease

It was in 1989, that’s almost 22 years ago, a case control study published in Journal of the American Medical Association, first reported that hearing impairment in older adults was strongly and independently associated with the likelihood of having dementia (memory loss). But due to various reasons, this study received only little attention till recently,

Updated Guidelines for Management of Thyroid Disease in Adults

Thyroidectomy is a commonly performed surgical procedure for the partial/complete removal of the thyroid gland. According to the United states data, over 100,000 thyroid operations are performed annually in the US alone. In order to have a uniform and evidence-based treatment for the management of thyroid disease, various guidelines are published by different surgical associations.

Clinical Practice Guideline on Management of Nose Bleed (Epistaxis)

Nose bleed or Epistaxis is a common clinical condition that occurs at some point in at least 60% of people in the United States. While the majority of nosebleeds are limited in severity and duration, about 6% of people need medical attention for control of nose bleed. Overall 0.5% of all emergency department visits and

Radiotherapy is better than TORS for Oropharyngeal Cancers – ORATOR Says

The mainstay of treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is chemoradiotherapy. The separation of oropharyngeal cancers into Human papillomavirus (HPV) positive and negative based on the etiology has shown that HPV positive cancers have a better prognosis and survival compared to HPV negative cancers. These young age HPV positive patients with prolonged survival are more

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Head and Neck Cancers

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT); also called Induction chemotherapy is a treatment option in cancer therapy, in which chemotherapy is given prior to the definitive treatment like surgery or radiotherapy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in cancer treatment can reduce the tumor volume, improve organ function prior to definitive treatment, permits more effective and less toxic local therapy. Giving NACT

Cell phone radiofrequency could enhance head and neck cancers – New study says

Developments in wireless communication technology over the last twenty years resulted in the increasingly widespread use of mobile phones and wireless systems for communication purposes. This has led to concerns regarding potential adverse health effects, particularly of the central nervous system, of which the brain is the part most exposed to the radiofrequency electromagnetic fields

Replacement of trachea with aortic grafts – a novel treatment for tracheal stenosis

Replacement of trachea after extensive resection still remains as a major challenge for the thoracic surgeons even after decades of intensive research. End to end anastomosis is difficult or almost not possible when more than 5-6 cm of the trachea is resected out. Several clinical solutions with skin, esophagus, and bowel, etc. have been proposed

Role of Balloon dilatation in chronic rhinosinusitis – Clinical consensus statement 2018

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a clinical condition characterized by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses that typically lasts beyond twelve weeks. It is caused by infections, allergies, and the presence of sinus polyps or a deviated septum. Signs and symptoms include headache, nasal discharge, swelling in the face, dizziness, and breathing difficulties. The condition is so

Adenotonsillectomy lowers high blood pressure in children with OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a spectrum of disorders ranging from simple snoring to complete obstruction of upper airways during sleep, which affects both children and adults. The most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in children is chronic adenotonsillar hypertrophy, and so adenotonsillectomy is considered as the first-line treatment for OSA in children.

Microtia kids get new 3D-printed ears from lab with their own cells

Microtia is a congenital external ear deformity characterized by hypoplasia (incomplete development) of the pinna, ranging from the measurably small external ear with a minimal structural abnormality, to ear with major structural alteration or to a total absence of ear (anotia). The reported prevalence varies from 0.83 to 17.4 per 10,000 births worldwide. Higher prevalence