Geriatric ENT

Connection between Hearing loss and Dementia / Alzheimer’s disease

It was in 1989, that’s almost 22 years ago, a case control study published in Journal of the American Medical Association, first reported that hearing impairment in older adults was strongly and independently associated with the likelihood of having dementia (memory loss). But due to various reasons, this study received only little attention till recently,

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) – Clinical presentation, Diagnosis and Treatment

Sudden hearing loss (SHL) is an emergency clinical condition characterized by a rapid-onset subjective sensation of hearing impairment in one or both ears. When not recognized and managed promptly, sudden hearing loss may result in persistent hearing loss and tinnitus and reduced patient quality of life. The National Institute for Deafness and Communication Disorders (NICDC) 

Malignant Otitis Externa – Clinical presentation, Diagnosis and Treatment

Malignant otitis externa (MOE) is an aggressive and potentially life-threatening infection of the soft tissues of the external ear and its surrounding structures, which quickly spreads to involve periosteum and bone of the skull base. The most common causative organism of malignant otitis externa is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Though this is not a neoplastic disease, it’s

NICE guidelines for Cochlear implantation in children and adults

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is a non-departmental public body in England, that provides national guidance and advice to improve health and social care. On 7th March 2019, NICE released an update for the 2009 cochlear implantation guidelines in children and adults with hearing loss. Cochlear implants are electronic prosthetic devices

WHO launches “hearWHO” app for mobile devices to help detect hearing loss

To mark the World Hearing Day, the World Health Organization (WHO) has launched “hearWHO“, a free application for smart mobile devices which allows people to check their hearing regularly and intervene early in case of hearing loss. Over 5% of the world’s population i.e around 466 million people – have disabling hearing loss (432 million

Prestin and Otolin 1 – early biomarkers of Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL)

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is defined as a reduction in auditory acuity (hearing ability) associated with long term exposure to loud sounds. It is the second most common form of a sensorineural hearing deficit, after presbycusis (age-related hearing loss). There can be two types of hearing loss due to exposure to loud sounds. The first

Calcific prevertebral tendinitis

Acute calcific prevertebral tendinitis also is known as calcific retropharyngeal tendinitis or prevertebral calcific tendinitis is a self-limiting clinical condition due to calcification and inflammation of longus colli muscle and tendon. The condition was first described in 1964 by Hartley. Longus colli is a bilateral paired neck flexor muscle, located in the prevertebral area, along with

Seasonal Variations of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is an inner ear disorder characterized by brief attacks of vertigo and associated nystagmus, precipitated by certain changes in head position with respect to gravity due to dislodged otoconia debris within the semicircular canals. It is the most common cause of dizziness in ENT patients, affecting 40% of them and it