Tumors of Head & Neck

Cell phone radiofrequency could enhance head and neck cancers – New study says

Developments in wireless communication technology over the last twenty years resulted in the increasingly widespread use of mobile phones and wireless systems for communication purposes. This has led to concerns regarding potential adverse health effects, particularly of the central nervous system, of which the brain is the part most exposed to the radiofrequency electromagnetic fields

Total Laryngectomy – Evolution, Workup, Surgical steps and Complications

Total laryngectomy is a surgical procedure in which the entire larynx is removed by resecting the trachea and bringing out the lower stump as a respiratory opening in the anterior part of the neck (permanent tracheostomy) and thereby closing off the air passages to the mouth and nose. The patient permanently loses his/her natural voice

Replacement of trachea with aortic grafts – a novel treatment for tracheal stenosis

Replacement of trachea after extensive resection still remains as a major challenge for the thoracic surgeons even after decades of intensive research. End to end anastomosis is difficult or almost not possible when more than 5-6 cm of the trachea is resected out. Several clinical solutions with skin, esophagus, and bowel, etc. have been proposed

TNM Staging of Lip and Oral Cavity cancers – AJCC 8th Edition

The recently released 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual, Head and Neck Section, introduces significant modifications from the prior 7th edition. In this article, we discuss the changes in the 8th edition of AJCC staging manual for oral cavity cancers. T Staging For T staging of the oral cavity cancers, T4a

TNM AJCC Staging of Head & Neck Cancers

Staging of cancer refers to the classification of cancer by its anatomic disease extent, i.e, how large the tumor is, and if it has spread. This staging system of cancer helps to express the severity or extent of disease to estimate the prognosis of the disease provides useful information for treatment decision like planning, evaluation of results,

What’s new in AJCC 8th Edition, Head and Neck section?

The recently released 8th edition of the AJCC TNM Cancer Staging Manual, Head and Neck Section incorporates significant changes based on advances in our understanding of the etiology and certain histologic attributes of tumors. The most significant update in AJCC 8th edition, is the creation of a separate staging algorithm for high risk human papillomavirus-associated cancer

Staging systems for Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma

Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is an uncommon, slow-growing, benign but locally invasive vascular tumor arising from tissues in the sphenopalatine foramen inside the nasal cavity. JNAs are also reported to arise from the posterior aspect of the middle turbinate and rarely from other sites of the nasal cavity and in paranasal sinuses. JNA tumor was

Shamblin classification of carotid body tumors

Carotid body tumour, also known as a chemodectoma or carotid body paraganglioma, are highly vascular tumors arising from the paraganglion cells of the carotid body. These tumors are located at the site of the carotid bifurcation. The treatment of choice in carotid body tumors is early surgical resection. Shamblin classification helps in predicting the prognosis and difficulties for

Seeing is believing

41-year-old male patient from Darjeeling, presented with complaints of painless, non-progressive swelling over the right side of the neck for the past 8 years with paroxysmal paraesthesia over the right ear for the past 8 months. He had a history of similar swelling on the left side for which he was evaluated and underwent surgical