Ranula – Clinical presentation, diagnosis and management

Ranula is an uncommon clinical condition characterised by a translucent, blue cystic swelling in the floor of the mouth, arising due to accumulation of extravasated mucus from the sublingual salivary glands. The term ranula arised from the Latin word rana, meaning frog as the condition resembles the underbelly of a frog. Hippocrates was the first to describe ranulas and he thought they […]

Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VI) is the inability to temporarily close the connection between nasopharynx and oropharynx, due to an anatomical dysfunction in soft palate (velum), lateral pharyngeal wall or posterior pharyngeal wall. This can be due to insufficient tissue to accomplish closure, or due to some kind of mechanical interference with closure. An effective sealing between nasopharynx […]