FDA Approves Cochlear Implants for Asymmetric, Single-Sided Deafness

Cochlear implants are electronic prosthetic devices used in adults and children with sensory neural hearing loss, who are not benefited by the use of conventional hearing aids. Unlike hearing aids, which make sounds louder, cochlear implants work by turning sound into electrical signals and then directly stimulate the hearing nerves. Single-sided deafness or asymmetric hearing […]

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) – Clinical presentation, Diagnosis and Treatment

Sudden hearing loss (SHL) is an emergency clinical condition characterized by a rapid-onset subjective sensation of hearing impairment in one or both ears. When not recognized and managed promptly, sudden hearing loss may result in persistent hearing loss and tinnitus and reduced patient quality of life. The National Institute for Deafness and Communication Disorders (NICDC)  […]

Sudden Hearing Loss: Updated Clinical Practice Guideline

Sudden hearing loss (SHL), defined as a rapid-onset subjective sensation of hearing impairment in one or both ears is an emergency in the ear-nose-throat clinical practice. If not recognized and managed promptly, sudden hearing loss may result in persistent hearing loss and tinnitus and reduced patient quality of life. The disease affects 5 to 27 […]

Malignant Otitis Externa – Clinical presentation, Diagnosis and Treatment

Malignant otitis externa (MOE) is an aggressive and potentially life-threatening infection of the soft tissues of the external ear and its surrounding structures, which quickly spreads to involve periosteum and bone of the skull base. The most common causative organism of malignant otitis externa is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Though this is not a neoplastic disease, it’s […]

What’s the molecules telling?

65 year old male presented with non healing ulcer over the pinna of right ear for 5 months. A biopsy from the lesion was done and following is the report. Carcinoma with basaloid features and pigmentation – biopsy right pinna. Immuno staining: P63 – diffuse strong positivity. P40 – diffuse moderate positivity. BerEP4 – negative.

Temporal bone cancer staging systems

Staging of cancers is essential for patient counselling, treatment planning, predict treatment outcome and survival. Most commonly followed staging system for head and neck malignancies is the Tumor, Node, Metastasis (TNM staging system) by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC). Because of the relative rarity of temporal bone cancers, a universally accepted temporal bone […]

NICE guidelines for Cochlear implantation in children and adults

According to the definition by American Academy of Family Physicians, Clinical practice guidelines are statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is a non-departmental public body in England, that provides national guidance and advice to improve health and social care. On 7th March 2019, […]

Its all in the genes!

A 42 year old female was seen at an outside facility for progressive bilateral hearing loss and was referred to the otology clinic. On further enquiry, she gave history of chronic head ache, mild balance difficulties and past history of tonic-clonic seizures, treated with anti-epileptics for a year. Physical examination revealed an alert and oriented […]

World Hearing Day

Globally it is estimated that over 5% of the world’s population i.e around 466 million people – have disabling hearing loss (432 million adults and 34 million children). Unaddressed hearing loss is the leading cause of morbidity and poses an annual cost of $750 billion globally. It is estimated that by 2050 over 900 million […]

WHO launches “hearWHO” app for mobile devices to help detect hearing loss

To mark the World Hearing Day, the World Health Organization (WHO) has launched “hearWHO“, a free application for smart mobile devices which allows people to check their hearing regularly and intervene early in case of hearing loss. Over 5% of the world’s population i.e around 466 million people – have disabling hearing loss (432 million […]