Pediatric ENT

Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis

Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) also known as juvenile-onset laryngeal papillomatosis/ laryngeal papillomatosis, is a rare airway disease characterized by the development of small, wart-like growths (papillomas) anywhere in the respiratory tract anywhere from the nasal vestibule to a terminal bronchiole. The papillomas predominantly arise at areas where a change in epithelium happens – these areas

Subglottic Stenosis – Clinical Features and Treatment

Subglottic stenosis is a clinical condition occurring due to the narrowing of the subglottic lumen of the larynx (voice box) at the region of the cricoid cartilage. Based on the pathology, age at clinical presentation and the features, subglottic stenosis is of three types; congenital, acquired and idiopathic. Subglottic stenosis is considered to be congenital

Ultrasound Otoscopes For Aiding Diagnosis Of Middle Ear Infections

Middle ear infections are one of the most common problems for a clinical visit to an otolaryngologist. The disease is more prevalent in pediatric populations but can affect any age group. The most common presentation is Otitis Media with Effusion/OME (i.e fluid collecting in the middle ear behind an intact tympanic membrane /eardrum). This fluid

Its bleeding, bleeding and bleeding..

A 13-year-old male child presented to pediatric ENT unit, with chief complaints of left side nasal obstruction progressive and spontaneous nasal bleed, continuing nasal discharge since two months. intermittent episodes of headache which used to be relieved by analgesics. Past history No episodes of nasal bleeding before two months but intermittent nasal discharge. On examination

Does my child need tonsillectomy? – Indications for pediatric tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure performed with or without adenoidectomy that completely removes the tonsil, including its capsule, by dissecting the peritonsillar space between the tonsil capsule and the muscular wall. Tonsillectomy is the second-most common ambulatory surgical procedure (first being myringotomy with insertion of tubes) performed on children in the United States. In the

NICE guidelines for Cochlear implantation in children and adults

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is a non-departmental public body in England, that provides national guidance and advice to improve health and social care. On 7th March 2019, NICE released an update for the 2009 cochlear implantation guidelines in children and adults with hearing loss. Cochlear implants are electronic prosthetic devices

Recurrent Meningitis with Hearing loss

A 12-year-old male child was referred from the pediatric department following resolution of the third episode of meningitis, with complaints of left-sided hearing loss since childhood. Parents noticed the hearing loss on the left side when the child was in the fourth standard. No newborn hearing screening was done for the child at birth. Investigations

Progressive loss of voice in a 2 year old female child

A 2-year-old female child presented with complaints of progressive loss of voice for the past 6 months. She had no history to suggestive voice abuse, foreign body inhalation, cough or catarrh. She had worsening difficulty in breathing with fast breathing, but no cyanosis, orthopnea or leg swelling. There were no complaints of feeding difficulty, fever

You guessed it right!

A 3-year-old boy presents with a midline anterior neck mass, just below the hyoid bone that moves with deglutition and tongue protrusion. Question: What is the most probable clinical diagnosis?

Intra oral swelling in a nine year old child

A 9-year-old female patient presented with a chief complaint of swelling in the floor of the mouth for the past 3 months. The swelling was initially small in size & gradually increased in size to attain the present size. The child gives a history of trauma to the mouth 3 months back. The swelling was