Oral cavity

TNM Staging of Salivary Gland Cancers

Once a person is diagnosed with cancer, the next step before deciding on treatment options is a determination of the stage of the cancer. Staging of salivary gland cancers is an important step in evaluating prognosis and treatment options.  It helps determining how much is the cancer volume in the body, how serious the cancer

Compartment Surgery in Oral Cancers

Main modality of treatment for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma is surgery. Patients with advanced risk factors like margin positivity, perineural invasion, advanced disease, etc need postoperative radiotherapy. Significant advances in terms of oncologic treatment (lasers, robotics) and outcomes have happened in the last three decades. But irrespective of these advancements 5‐year overall survival hasn’t

Intra oral swelling in a nine year old child

A 9-year-old female patient presented with a chief complaint of swelling in the floor of the mouth for the past 3 months. The swelling was initially small in size & gradually increased in size to attain the present size. The child gives a history of trauma to the mouth 3 months back. The swelling was

Ranula – Clinical presentation, diagnosis and management

Ranula is an uncommon clinical condition characterized by a translucent, blue cystic swelling in the floor of the mouth, arising due to accumulation of extravasated mucus from the sublingual salivary glands. The term ranula arises from the Latin word rana, meaning frog as the condition resembles the underbelly of a frog. Hippocrates was the first to

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a life-threatening acute bacterial infectious condition caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The usual site of infection is the tonsils and oropharynx, but the disease can occur in nasal cavities, larynx or the skin also. History The disease was first described in the 5th century BC by Hippocrates and the bacterium was discovered by Edwin Klebs in