Progressive loss of voice in a 2 year old female child

2 year old female child presented with complaints of progressive loss of voice for past 6 months. She had no history to suggestive voice abuse, foreign body inhalation, cough or catarrh. She had worsening difficulty in breathing with fast breathing, but no cyanosis, orthopnea or leg swelling. There was no complaints of feeding difficulty, fever or chronic […]

You guessed it right!

A 3-year-old boy presents with a midline anterior neck mass, just below the hyoid bone that moves with deglutition and tongue protrusion. Question: What is the most probable clinical diagnosis?

Cell phone radiofrequency could enhance head and neck cancers – New study says

Developments in wireless communication technology over the last twenty years resulted in increasingly widespread use of mobile phones and wireless systems for communication purposes. This has led to concerns regarding potential adverse health effects, particularly of the central nervous system, of which the brain is the part most exposed to the radio frequency electromagnetic fields […]

Painful swelling of ear in a middle aged man

35-year-old man presented to the ear, nose and throat outpatient department with a 1 week history of painful swelling of the right ear. He was having recurrent episodes of similar illness in both ears, for the past 5 years, for which he was treated multiple times with antibiotics and analgesics. These episodes used to subside […]

Intra oral swelling in a nine year old child

A 9 year old female patient presented with a chief complaint of swelling in the floor of mouth for past 3 months. The swelling was initially small in size & gradually increased in size to attain the present size. Child gives history of trauma to the mouth 3 months back. Swelling was not associated with any pain but child had difficulty in […]

Laryngomalacia – clinical features, surgical and medical management

Laryngomalacia also called as “discoordinate pharyngo-laryngomalacia” is the most common congenital lesion of larynx (60-70%) and is the most common cause of congenital stridor in neonates and infants. The condition is characterized by partial or complete obstruction of supraglottic laryngeal structures on inspiration because of excess mucosa, abnormal and/or reduced laryngeal tone. The term laryngomalacia […]

Resurgence of a disease of the past

6 year old boy from a rural area presented to pediatric casualty with history of throat pain, progressive swelling of neck and moderate grade fever for past 2 weeks associated with gradually worsening dysphagia for past 2 days. Antenatal history was uneventful, born at term by normal vaginal delivery, developmentally appropriate for age and has […]

Noise Induced Hearing loss (NIHL)

Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is defined as reduction in auditory acuity (hearing ability) associated with long term exposure to loud sounds. It is the second most common form of sensorineural hearing deficit, after presbycusis (age-related hearing loss). An early term for the condition was “boilermakers’ disease,” because so many workers who made steam boilers developed hearing […]

Prestin and Otolin 1 – early biomarkers of Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL)

Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is defined as reduction in auditory acuity (hearing ability) associated with long term exposure to loud sounds. It is the second most common form of sensorineural hearing deficit, after presbycusis (age-related hearing loss). There can be two types of hearing loss due to exposure to loud sounds. The first one is temporary […]