Painful swelling of ear in a middle aged man

35-year-old man presented to the ear, nose and throat outpatient department with a 1 week history of painful swelling of the right ear. He was having recurrent episodes of similar illness in both ears, for the past 5 years, for which he was treated multiple times with antibiotics and analgesics. These episodes used to subside […]

Intra oral swelling in a nine year old child

A 9 year old female patient presented with a chief complaint of swelling in the floor of mouth for past 3 months. The swelling was initially small in size & gradually increased in size to attain the present size. Child gives history of trauma to the mouth 3 months back. Swelling was not associated with any pain but child had difficulty in […]

Laryngomalacia – clinical features, surgical and medical management

Laryngomalacia also called as “discoordinate pharyngo-laryngomalacia” is the most common congenital lesion of larynx (60-70%) and is the most common cause of congenital stridor in neonates and infants. The condition is characterized by partial or complete obstruction of supraglottic laryngeal structures on inspiration because of excess mucosa, abnormal and/or reduced laryngeal tone. The term laryngomalacia […]

Resurgence of a disease of the past

6 year old boy from a rural area presented to pediatric casualty with history of throat pain, progressive swelling of neck and moderate grade fever for past 2 weeks associated with gradually worsening dysphagia for past 2 days. Antenatal history was uneventful, born at term by normal vaginal delivery, developmentally appropriate for age and has […]

Noise Induced Hearing loss (NIHL)

Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is defined as reduction in auditory acuity (hearing ability) associated with long term exposure to loud sounds. It is the second most common form of sensorineural hearing deficit, after presbycusis (age-related hearing loss). An early term for the condition was “boilermakers’ disease,” because so many workers who made steam boilers developed hearing […]

Prestin and Otolin 1 – early biomarkers of Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL)

Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is defined as reduction in auditory acuity (hearing ability) associated with long term exposure to loud sounds. It is the second most common form of sensorineural hearing deficit, after presbycusis (age-related hearing loss). There can be two types of hearing loss due to exposure to loud sounds. The first one is temporary […]

Total Laryngectomy – Evolution, Workup, Surgical steps and Complications

Total laryngectomy is a surgical procedure in which the entire larynx is removed by resecting the trachea and bringing out the lower stump as a respiratory opening in the anterior part of the neck (permanent tracheostomy) and thereby closing off the air passages to the mouth and nose. The patient permanently loses his/her natural voice […]

Replacement of trachea with aortic grafts – a novel treatment for tracheal stenosis

Replacement of trachea after extensive resection still remains as a major challenge for the thoracic surgeons even after decades of intensive research. End to end anastomosis is difficult or almost not possible, when more than 5-6 cm of trachea is resected out. Several clinical solutions with skin, esophagus and bowel etc. have been proposed to tackle […]

CLiKX – A novel device for treatment of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children

Otitis Media with Effusion (OME), also known as Glue ear, Secretory Otitis Media or Serous Otitis Media is a clinical condition characterized by collection of non-infected fluid in the middle ear space as a result of a cold, sore throat or upper respiratory infection. This is a highly common pediatric disease (can affect adults also) […]