Tubercle of Zuckerkandl

Zuckerkandl Tubercle (ZT) is the posterior projection of lateral lobes of the thyroid gland and is a common anatomical structure observed in 60-90% of cases. The tubercle was first described by Otto Madelung in 1867 as “posterior horn of the thyroid”. Later in 1902, Emil Zuckerkandl, described it as ‘tuberculum’ or ‘processus posterior glandulae thyroideae’. Gilmour later described […]

Opto-acoustic Cochlear implant to hear with light pulses

Cochlear implants are electronic prosthetic devices used in adults and children with sensory neural hearing loss, who are not benefited by the use of conventional hearing aids. They bypasses the functions of damaged hair cells inside the inner ear and directly stimulates the spiral ganglion of cochlear nerve (nerve of hearing).

Patulous eustachian tube

Patulous eustachian tube also known as patent Eustachian tube (PET) is a rare physiological disorder of the eustachian tube, in which a normally closed Eustachian tube stays open intermittently. PET was first described by Schwartze 1864 when he noted movement of an atrophic tympanic membrane in synchronous with respiration. Jago described it fully in 1867. […]

“Sound Shirt” – An innovation for “deaf” people to “feel music”

The Junge Symphoniker Hamburg orchestra, Germany in association with CuteCircuit wearable tech company has brought an innovative and revolutionary new gadget for the hearing impaired people, which will allow the deaf to feel the musics – “The Sound Shirt How Sound Shirt works? This wearable garment will converts sound energy into micro vibrations which can be felt on […]

Fully Implantable Cochlear Implant (FICI) with Piezoelectric Middle-Ear Sensor

Cochlear Implant (CI) is a prosthetic electronic device which replaces the function of damaged inner ear. CI provides direct electrical stimulation to the auditory (hearing) nerve in the inner ear bypassing the damaged hair cells. They are used in patients (both adults and children) with sensory neural hearing loss who are not benefited by conventional hearing aids. […]

Recent updates in guidelines for treatment of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

The 2017 Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters (JTFPP) comprising representatives from the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI), the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI), and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology has provided an update to their 2008 guidelines for treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) in adolescents and adults. The updated guidelines […]

Seasonal Variations of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is an inner ear disorder characterized by brief attacks of vertigo and associated nystagmus, precipitated by certain changes in head position with respect to gravity due to dislodged otoconia debris within the semicircular canals. It is the most common cause of dizziness in ENT patients, affecting 40% of them and it […]

Cochlear Implantation in Incomplete Partition type III

Incomplete Partition type III (IP-III) or most widely known as X linked deafness is an inner ear anomaly associated with congenital mixed hearing loss, fixation of stapes footplate and perilymph gusher during stapes or cochlear implant surgery . Phippard addressed this anomaly as pseudo-Mondini stage II and described as partial hypoplasia of the cochlea, stapes fixation, dilated […]


Diphtheria is a life threatening acute bacterial infectious condition caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The usual site of infection is the tonsils and oropharynx, but the disease can occur in nasal cavities, larynx or the skin also. History The disease was first described in the 5th century BC by Hippocrates and the bacterium was discovered by Edwin Klebs in […]

Can kissing a baby on the ear make them go deaf?

The answer is a Big Yes – you read it right! Kissing on the ear can make the baby or adult permanent deaf! This condition is known as “Cochlear ear kiss injury.” “Cochlear ear kiss injury” / “Kiss of Deaf” or “Reiter’s Ear Kiss Syndrome (REKS)” came into attention, when Dr. Levi Reiter, professor and head of […]