Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a life-threatening acute bacterial infectious condition caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The usual site of infection is the tonsils and oropharynx, but the disease can occur in nasal cavities, larynx or the skin also. History The disease was first described in the 5th century BC by Hippocrates and the bacterium was discovered by Edwin Klebs in

Cochlear ear kiss injury – kissing a baby can make them go deaf

The answer is a Big Yes – you read it right! Kissing on the ear can make the baby or adult permanent deaf! This condition is known as “Cochlear ear kiss injury.” “Cochlear ear kiss injury” / “Kiss of Deaf” or “Reiter’s Ear Kiss Syndrome (REKS)” came into attention, when Dr. Levi Reiter, professor, and head of

Treatment of allergic rhinitis in pregnancy

Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects 20-30% of women in the childbearing age group with an annually increasing prevalence. The classical clinical symptoms include sneezing, itching, nasal blockage, and nasal discharge. In patients who had allergic rhinitis before, the symptoms may worsen, improve or remain the same during pregnancy.  

Empty nose syndrome

Empty nose syndrome (ENS) is a controversial clinical entity with no consensual definition. It is thought to be a postsurgical, iatrogenic (physician caused) phenomenon secondary to loss of nasal turbinate tissue. The condition was first described by Kerin & Moore in 1994. The exact incidence of this condition is unknown. Houser et al in their study

Challenging diagnostic nasal imaging

A 5-year-old male child presented with a history of recurrent sore throat, fever, mouth breathing for the past 3 years. The parents also gives history of sleep-disordered breathing including witnessed apneic episodes. History of nocturnal enuresis also present. On examination Adenoid facies present. Mouth breathing present. Oral cavity: Crowded tooth Oropharynx: Grade III tonsils Anterior

Seeing is believing

41-year-old male patient from Darjeeling, presented with complaints of painless, non-progressive swelling over the right side of the neck for the past 8 years with paroxysmal paraesthesia over the right ear for the past 8 months. He had a history of similar swelling on the left side for which he was evaluated and underwent surgical

Dusk before the dawn

A 46-year-old, otherwise healthy woman presented to the Emergency Department with a 3 days history of sore throat, difficulty in swallowing and restricted neck movements. No other significant medical history. On examination: Vitals are normal and stable. Patient not on any respiratory distress. Oral cavity – Normal Oropharynx – Hyperemic Neck – tender and movements