tnm

TNM Staging of Salivary Gland Cancers

Once a person is diagnosed with cancer, the next step before deciding on treatment options is a determination of the stage of the cancer. Staging of salivary gland cancers is an important step in evaluating prognosis and treatment options.  It helps determining how much is the cancer volume in the body, how serious the cancer

TNM Staging of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (AJCC 8)

Malignancies arising in nasopharynx / nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) have different natural behavior and therapeutic consideration than other head and neck cancers. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma also has a very skewed geographic and ethnic distribution, with 80% of the global burden in Asian countries.

TNM Staging of Oropharyngeal Cancer – Updates in AJCC 8th Edition

The recently released 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual, Head and Neck Section, introduces significant modifications from the prior 7th edition. In the head and neck domain, the most significant update creates a separate staging algorithm for high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancer of the oropharynx, distinguishing it from oropharyngeal cancer (OPC)

TNM Staging of Lip and Oral Cavity cancers – AJCC 8th Edition

The recently released 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual, Head and Neck Section, introduces significant modifications from the prior 7th edition. In this article, we discuss the changes in the 8th edition of AJCC staging manual for oral cavity cancers. T Staging For T staging of the oral cavity cancers, T4a

TNM AJCC Staging of Head & Neck Cancers

Staging of cancer refers to the classification of cancer by its anatomic disease extent, i.e, how large the tumor is, and if it has spread. This staging system of cancer helps to express the severity or extent of disease to estimate the prognosis of the disease provides useful information for treatment decision like planning, evaluation of results,

What’s new in AJCC 8th Edition, Head and Neck section?

The recently released 8th edition of the AJCC TNM Cancer Staging Manual, Head and Neck Section incorporates significant changes based on advances in our understanding of the etiology and certain histologic attributes of tumors. The most significant update in AJCC 8th edition, is the creation of a separate staging algorithm for high risk human papillomavirus-associated cancer